How To Backup Database In Laravel 9 Using Spatie

WebSolutionStuff | Feb-08-2023 | Categories : Laravel PHP MySQL

In this article, we will see how to back up the database in laravel 9 using spatie. Here, we will learn automatic database backup in laravel 8 and laravel 9 using spatie package. spatie/laravel-backup package creates a backup of your application. The backup is a zip file that contains all files in the directories you specify along with a dump of your database.

spatie/laravel-backup package can also notify you via Mail, Slack or any notification provider when something goes wrong with your backups. It can also clean up old backups. Also, you can schedule databases hourly, daily, weekly, etc.

So, let's see the laravel 9 database backup using spatie, laravel 8 backup database, spatie/laravel-backup, laravel backup database, and how to auto backup database in laravel 8/9.

Step 1: Install laravel-database Package

In this step, we will install spatie/laravel-database package using the following command.

composer require spatie/laravel-backup

 

Step 2: Configure Database

In this step, we will configure the database and publish a package. The package will automatically register its service provider.

php artisan vendor:publish --provider="Spatie\Backup\BackupServiceProvider"

config/backup.php

<?php

return [

    'backup' => [

        /*
         * The name of this application. You can use this name to monitor
         * the backups.
         */
        'name' => env('APP_NAME', 'laravel-backup'),

        'source' => [

            'files' => [

                /*
                 * The list of directories and files that will be included in the backup.
                 */
                'include' => [
                    base_path(),
                ],

                /*
                 * These directories and files will be excluded from the backup.
                 *
                 * Directories used by the backup process will automatically be excluded.
                 */
                'exclude' => [
                    base_path('vendor'),
                    base_path('node_modules'),
                ],

                /*
                 * Determines if symlinks should be followed.
                 */
                'follow_links' => false,

                /*
                 * Determines if it should avoid unreadable folders.
                 */
                'ignore_unreadable_directories' => false,

                /*
                 * This path is used to make directories in resulting zip-file relative
                 * Set to `null` to include complete absolute path
                 * Example: base_path()
                 */
                'relative_path' => null,
            ],

            /*
             * The names of the connections to the databases that should be backed up
             * MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite and Mongo databases are supported.
             *
             * The content of the database dump may be customized for each connection
             * by adding a 'dump' key to the connection settings in config/database.php.
             * E.g.
             * 'mysql' => [
             *       ...
             *      'dump' => [
             *           'excludeTables' => [
             *                'table_to_exclude_from_backup',
             *                'another_table_to_exclude'
             *            ]
             *       ],
             * ],
             *
             * If you are using only InnoDB tables on a MySQL server, you can
             * also supply the useSingleTransaction option to avoid table locking.
             *
             * E.g.
             * 'mysql' => [
             *       ...
             *      'dump' => [
             *           'useSingleTransaction' => true,
             *       ],
             * ],
             *
             * For a complete list of available customization options, see https://github.com/spatie/db-dumper
             */
            'databases' => [
                'mysql',
            ],
        ],

        /*
         * The database dump can be compressed to decrease diskspace usage.
         *
         * Out of the box Laravel-backup supplies
         * Spatie\DbDumper\Compressors\GzipCompressor::class.
         *
         * You can also create custom compressor. More info on that here:
         * https://github.com/spatie/db-dumper#using-compression
         *
         * If you do not want any compressor at all, set it to null.
         */
        'database_dump_compressor' => null,

        /*
         * The file extension used for the database dump files.
         *
         * If not specified, the file extension will be .archive for MongoDB and .sql for all other databases
         * The file extension should be specified without a leading .
         */
        'database_dump_file_extension' => '',

        'destination' => [

            /*
             * The filename prefix used for the backup zip file.
             */
            'filename_prefix' => '',

            /*
             * The disk names on which the backups will be stored.
             */
            'disks' => [
                'local',
            ],
        ],

        /*
         * The directory where the temporary files will be stored.
         */
        'temporary_directory' => storage_path('app/backup-temp'),

        /*
         * The password to be used for archive encryption.
         * Set to `null` to disable encryption.
         */
        'password' => env('BACKUP_ARCHIVE_PASSWORD'),

        /*
         * The encryption algorithm to be used for archive encryption.
         * You can set it to `null` or `false` to disable encryption.
         *
         * When set to 'default', we'll use ZipArchive::EM_AES_256 if it is
         * available on your system.
         */
        'encryption' => 'default',
    ],

    /*
     * You can get notified when specific events occur. Out of the box you can use 'mail' and 'slack'.
     * For Slack you need to install laravel/slack-notification-channel.
     *
     * You can also use your own notification classes, just make sure the class is named after one of
     * the `Spatie\Backup\Events` classes.
     */
    'notifications' => [

        'notifications' => [
            \Spatie\Backup\Notifications\Notifications\BackupHasFailed::class => ['mail'],
            \Spatie\Backup\Notifications\Notifications\UnhealthyBackupWasFound::class => ['mail'],
            \Spatie\Backup\Notifications\Notifications\CleanupHasFailed::class => ['mail'],
            \Spatie\Backup\Notifications\Notifications\BackupWasSuccessful::class => ['mail'],
            \Spatie\Backup\Notifications\Notifications\HealthyBackupWasFound::class => ['mail'],
            \Spatie\Backup\Notifications\Notifications\CleanupWasSuccessful::class => ['mail'],
        ],

        /*
         * Here you can specify the notifiable to which the notifications should be sent. The default
         * notifiable will use the variables specified in this config file.
         */
        'notifiable' => \Spatie\Backup\Notifications\Notifiable::class,

        'mail' => [
            'to' => '[email protected]',

            'from' => [
                'address' => env('MAIL_FROM_ADDRESS', '[email protected]'),
                'name' => env('MAIL_FROM_NAME', 'Example'),
            ],
        ],

        'slack' => [
            'webhook_url' => '',

            /*
             * If this is set to null the default channel of the webhook will be used.
             */
            'channel' => null,

            'username' => null,

            'icon' => null,

        ],
    ],

    /*
     * Here you can specify which backups should be monitored.
     * If a backup does not meet the specified requirements the
     * UnHealthyBackupWasFound event will be fired.
     */
    'monitor_backups' => [
        [
            'name' => env('APP_NAME', 'laravel-backup'),
            'disks' => ['local'],
            'health_checks' => [
                \Spatie\Backup\Tasks\Monitor\HealthChecks\MaximumAgeInDays::class => 1,
                \Spatie\Backup\Tasks\Monitor\HealthChecks\MaximumStorageInMegabytes::class => 5000,
            ],
        ],

        /*
        [
            'name' => 'name of the second app',
            'disks' => ['local', 's3'],
            'health_checks' => [
                \Spatie\Backup\Tasks\Monitor\HealthChecks\MaximumAgeInDays::class => 1,
                \Spatie\Backup\Tasks\Monitor\HealthChecks\MaximumStorageInMegabytes::class => 5000,
            ],
        ],
        */
    ],

    'cleanup' => [
        /*
         * The strategy that will be used to cleanup old backups. The default strategy
         * will keep all backups for a certain amount of days. After that period only
         * a daily backup will be kept. After that period only weekly backups will
         * be kept and so on.
         *
         * No matter how you configure it the default strategy will never
         * delete the newest backup.
         */
        'strategy' => \Spatie\Backup\Tasks\Cleanup\Strategies\DefaultStrategy::class,

        'default_strategy' => [

            /*
             * The number of days for which backups must be kept.
             */
            'keep_all_backups_for_days' => 7,

            /*
             * The number of days for which daily backups must be kept.
             */
            'keep_daily_backups_for_days' => 16,

            /*
             * The number of weeks for which one weekly backup must be kept.
             */
            'keep_weekly_backups_for_weeks' => 8,

            /*
             * The number of months for which one monthly backup must be kept.
             */
            'keep_monthly_backups_for_months' => 4,

            /*
             * The number of years for which one yearly backup must be kept.
             */
            'keep_yearly_backups_for_years' => 2,

            /*
             * After cleaning up the backups remove the oldest backup until
             * this amount of megabytes has been reached.
             */
            'delete_oldest_backups_when_using_more_megabytes_than' => 5000,
        ],
    ],

];

Database backup is stored in storage/app/back-temp.

 

Step 3: Scheduling Backup

In this step, we will run the backup command. So, run the below command. Also, we will schedule a database backup. you can start using the backup:runbackup:cleanbackup:list and backup:monitor-commands.

php artisan backup:run

If you want to backup to a specific disk instead of all disks, run.

php artisan backup:run --only-to-disk=name-of-your-disk

If you only need to backup the DB, run.

php artisan backup:run --only-db

If you only need to backup the files and want to skip dumping the databases, run.

php artisan backup:run --only-files

app/Console/Kernel.php

protected function schedule(Schedule $schedule)
{
   $schedule->command('backup:clean')->daily()->at('11:00');
   $schedule->command('backup:run')->daily()->at('11:30');
}

 


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