Laravel 9 Cron Job Task Scheduling Tutorial

WebSolutionStuff | Mar-17-2022 | Categories : Laravel

In this article, we will see laravel 9 cron job task scheduling tutorial, many times we require to run some piece of code specific interval time period in laravel and we need to run manually every time but the command scheduler through we can run and create a cron job in laravel. So, here I will teach you how to create a cron job in laravel 9, and how to create custom commands in laravel 9.

So, let's see cron job scheduling in laravel 9, how to create cron job in laravel 9, how to run cron job in laravel 9, custom command in laravel 9.

Step 1 : Install Laravel 9

Step 2 : Create Cron Job Command

Step 3 : Register Cron Job Command

Step 4 : Run Scheduler Command

Step 5 : Laravel Set Cron Job on Live Server

 

First of all, you need to create a custom command. it will execute with the task scheduling cron job.

php artisan make:command TestingCron --command=testing:cron

 

 

Now add the below code in your file location 

app/Console/Commands/TestingCron.php

<?php

namespace App\Console\Commands;

use Illuminate\Console\Command;

class TestingCron extends Command
{
    /**
     * The name and signature of the console command.
     *
     * @var string
     */
    protected $signature = 'testing:cron';

    /**
     * The console command description.
     *
     * @var string
     */
    protected $description = 'Command description';

    /**
     * Create a new command instance.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function __construct()
    {
        parent::__construct();
    }

    /**
     * Execute the console command.
     *
     * @return mixed
     */
    public function handle()
    {
        
        \Log::info("Testing Cron is Running ... !");
     
        /*
           Write your database logic we bellow:
           User::create(['email'=>'send mail']);
        */
      
        $this->info('testing:cron Command Run Successfully !');
    }
}

 

 

Now in the kernel file, we need to set a specific time interval to run the cron job.

<?php

namespace App\Console;

use Illuminate\Console\Scheduling\Schedule;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Console\Kernel as ConsoleKernel;

class Kernel extends ConsoleKernel
{
    /**
     * The Artisan commands provided by your application.
     *
     * @var array
     */
    protected $commands = [
        Commands\TestingCron::class,
    ];

    /**
     * Define the application's command schedule.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Console\Scheduling\Schedule  $schedule
     * @return void
     */
    protected function schedule(Schedule $schedule)
    {
        $schedule->command('testing:cron')->everyMinute();
    }

    /**
     * Register the commands for the application.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    protected function commands()
    {
        $this->load(__DIR__.'/Commands');

        require base_path('routes/console.php');
    }
}

there are many more task schedule frequencies that you may assign to a task.

Method Description
->cron('* * * * *'); Run the task on a custom cron schedule
->everyMinute(); Run the task every minute
->everyTwoMinutes(); Run the task every two minutes
->everyThreeMinutes(); Run the task every three minutes
->everyFourMinutes(); Run the task every four minutes
->everyFiveMinutes(); Run the task every five minutes
->everyTenMinutes(); Run the task every ten minutes
->everyFifteenMinutes(); Run the task every fifteen minutes
->everyThirtyMinutes(); Run the task every thirty minutes
->hourly(); Run the task every hour
->hourlyAt(17); Run the task every hour at 17 minutes past the hour
->everyTwoHours(); Run the task every two hours
->everyThreeHours(); Run the task every three hours
->everyFourHours(); Run the task every four hours
->everySixHours(); Run the task every six hours
->daily(); Run the task every day at midnight
->dailyAt('13:00'); Run the task every day at 13:00
->twiceDaily(1, 13); Run the task daily at 1:00 & 13:00
->weekly(); Run the task every Sunday at 00:00
->weeklyOn(1, '8:00'); Run the task every week on Monday at 8:00
->monthly(); Run the task on the first day of every month at 00:00
->monthlyOn(4, '15:00'); Run the task every month on the 4th at 15:00
->twiceMonthly(1, 16, '13:00'); Run the task monthly on the 1st and 16th at 13:00
->lastDayOfMonth('15:00'); Run the task on the last day of the month at 15:00
->quarterly(); Run the task on the first day of every quarter at 00:00
->yearly(); Run the task on the first day of every year at 00:00
->yearlyOn(6, 1, '17:00'); Run the task every year on June 1st at 17:00
->timezone('America/New_York'); Set the timezone for the task


Now, We are ready to run the cron job scheduler command. So, run the below artisan command in your terminal.

php artisan schedule:run

And you will check your log file there will be display output which one already set by us.

 

 

Here we will set up the cron job command on the server. 

* * * * * php /path/to/artisan schedule:run 1>> /dev/null 2>&1

OR

* * * * * cd /path-to-your-project && php artisan schedule:run >> /dev/null 2>&1

 


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