Laravel 9 React JS CRUD Operation Example

WebSolutionStuff | Dec-08-2022 | Categories : Laravel React JS

This article will show the laravel 9 react js crud operation example. Here, we will learn how to create crud operation in laravel 9 using react js application. In the backend we will use laravel 9 and frontend we will use react js. Also, we will use laravel breeze, inertia js, vite, and tailwind CSS to create react crud in the laravel application.

Laravel Breeze also offers React and Vue scaffolding via an Inertia frontend implementation. Inertia allows you to build modern, single-page React and Vue applications using classic server-side routing and controllers.

React is a JavaScript library for building user interfaces. The React JS framework is an open-source JavaScript framework and library developed by Facebook. It's used for building interactive user interfaces and web applications quickly and efficiently with significantly less code than you would with vanilla JavaScript.

So, let's see how to create a crud operation in laravel 9 with react js, react js crud operation in laravel 9, and laravel 9 with react js crud application.

Step 1: Install Laravel 9

Step 2: Create Auth using Breeze

Step 3: Create Migration and Model

Step 4: Add Routes

Step 5: Create Controller

Step 6: Create React Pages

Step 7: Run Laravel Application

 

Step 1: Install Laravel 9

In this article, we will install the laravel 9 application using the following command.

composer create-project laravel/laravel laravel9_react_crud

 

 

Step 2: Create Auth using Breeze

After installation, we will install a breeze using the composer command.

composer require laravel/breeze --dev

 

you can create an authentication login, register, and email verification using the following link.

Read Also: Laravel Authentication Using Breeze

 

After that, you can create authentication views, routes, controllers, and other resources for your application.

php artisan breeze:install react

php artisan migrate

npm install

npm run dev

 

Step 3: Create Migration and Model

Now, we will create migration using the following command. Also, we will create a model and controller for the same.

php artisan make:migration create_posts_table

Migration:

<?php
  
use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;
  
return new class extends Migration
{
    /**
     * Run the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function up()
    {
        Schema::create('posts', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->id();
            $table->string('title');
            $table->text('body');
            $table->timestamps();
        });
    }
  
    /**
     * Reverse the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function down()
    {
        Schema::dropIfExists('posts');
    }
}

After that, migrate the posts table to the database using the following command.

php artisan migrate

Now, we will create a Post.php model using the following command.

php artisan make:model Post

app/Models/Post.php

<?php
  
namespace App\Models;
  
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
  
class Post extends Model
{
    use HasFactory;
  
    /**
     * The attributes that are mass assignable.
     *
     * @var array
     */
    protected $fillable = [
        'title', 'body'
    ];
}
 
Step 4: Add Routes

In this step, we will add routes in the web.php file.

routes/web.php

<?php
 
use Illuminate\Foundation\Application;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Route;
use Inertia\Inertia;
use App\Http\Controllers\PostController;
  
/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Web Routes
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Here is where you can register web routes for your application. These
| routes are loaded by the RouteServiceProvider within a group which
| contains the "web" middleware group. Now create something great!
|
*/
   
Route::resource('posts', PostController::class);
   
Route::get('/', function () {
    return Inertia::render('Welcome', [
        'canLogin' => Route::has('login'),
        'canRegister' => Route::has('register'),
        'laravelVersion' => Application::VERSION,
        'phpVersion' => PHP_VERSION,
    ]);
});
    
Route::get('/dashboard', function () {
    return Inertia::render('Dashboard');
})->middleware(['auth', 'verified'])->name('dashboard');
   
require __DIR__.'/auth.php';

 

 

Step 5: Create Controller

Now, we will create PostController and add the following code to the file.

app/Http/Controllers/PostController.php

<?php
   
namespace App\Http\Controllers;
    
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use Inertia\Inertia;
use App\Models\Post;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Validator;
   
class PostController extends Controller
{
    /**
     * Show the form for creating a new resource.
     *
     * @return Response
     */
    public function index()
    {
        $posts = Post::all();
        return Inertia::render('Posts/Index', ['posts' => $posts]);
    }
  
    /**
     * Write code on Method
     *
     * @return response()
     */
    public function create()
    {
        return Inertia::render('Posts/Create');
    }
    
    /**
     * Show the form for creating a new resource.
     *
     * @return Response
     */
    public function store(Request $request)
    {
        Validator::make($request->all(), [
            'title' => ['required'],
            'body' => ['required'],
        ])->validate();
   
        Post::create($request->all());
    
        return redirect()->route('posts.index');
    }
  
    /**
     * Write code on Method
     *
     * @return response()
     */
    public function edit(Post $post)
    {
        return Inertia::render('Posts/Edit', [
            'post' => $post
        ]);
    }
    
    /**
     * Show the form for creating a new resource.
     *
     * @return Response
     */
    public function update($id, Request $request)
    {
        Validator::make($request->all(), [
            'title' => ['required'],
            'body' => ['required'],
        ])->validate();
    
        Post::find($id)->update($request->all());
        return redirect()->route('posts.index');
    }
    
    /**
     * Show the form for creating a new resource.
     *
     * @return Response
     */
    public function destroy($id)
    {
        Post::find($id)->delete();
        return redirect()->route('posts.index');
    }
}

 

Step 6: Create React Pages

In this step, we will create react js file in the resources/js/Pages/Posts folder to create, update, and list the records.

  • index.jsx
  • create.jsx
  • edit.jsk

Now, open resources/js/Pages/Posts/Index.jsx file and add the following code into that file.

import React from 'react';
import Authenticated from '@/Layouts/Authenticated';
import { Inertia } from "@inertiajs/inertia";
import { Head, usePage, Link } from '@inertiajs/inertia-react';
  
export default function Dashboard(props) {
    const { posts } = usePage().props
  
    function destroy(e) {
        if (confirm("Are you sure you want to delete this user?")) {
            Inertia.delete(route("posts.destroy", e.currentTarget.id));
        }
    }
   
    return (
        <Authenticated
            auth={props.auth}
            errors={props.errors}
            header={<h2 className="font-semibold text-xl text-gray-800 leading-tight">Posts</h2>} >
            <Head title="Posts" />
  
            <div className="py-12">
                <div className="max-w-7xl mx-auto sm:px-6 lg:px-8">
                    <div className="bg-white overflow-hidden shadow-sm sm:rounded-lg">
                        <div className="p-6 bg-white border-b border-gray-200">
  
                            <div className="flex items-center justify-between mb-6">
                                <Link
                                    className="px-6 py-2 text-white bg-green-500 rounded-md focus:outline-none" href={ route("posts.create") } >
                                    Create Post
                                </Link>
                            </div>
  
                            <table className="table-fixed w-full">
                                <thead>
                                    <tr className="bg-gray-100">
                                        <th className="px-4 py-2 w-20">No.</th>
                                        <th className="px-4 py-2">Title</th>
                                        <th className="px-4 py-2">Body</th>
                                        <th className="px-4 py-2">Action</th>
                                    </tr>
                                </thead>
                                <tbody>
                                    {posts.map(({ id, title, body }) => (
                                        <tr>
                                            <td className="border px-4 py-2">{ id }</td>
                                            <td className="border px-4 py-2">{ title }</td>
                                            <td className="border px-4 py-2">{ body }</td>
                                            <td className="border px-4 py-2">
                                                <Link
                                                    tabIndex="1"
                                                    className="px-4 py-2 text-sm text-white bg-blue-500 rounded" href={route("posts.edit", id)} >
                                                    Edit
                                                </Link>
                                                <button
                                                    onClick={destroy}
                                                    id={id}
                                                    tabIndex="-1"
                                                    type="button"
                                                    className="mx-1 px-4 py-2 text-sm text-white bg-red-500 rounded" >
                                                    Delete
                                                </button>
                                            </td>
                                        </tr>
                                    ))}
  
                                    {posts.length === 0 && (
                                        <tr>
                                            <td className="px-6 py-4 border-t" colSpan="4" >
                                                No contacts found.
                                            </td>
                                        </tr>
                                    )}
                                </tbody>
                            </table>
                        </div>
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </Authenticated>
    );
}

Now, open resources/js/Pages/Posts/Create.jsx file and add the following code into that file.

import React from 'react';
import Authenticated from '@/Layouts/Authenticated';
import { Head, useForm, Link } from '@inertiajs/inertia-react';
  
export default function Dashboard(props) {
  
    const { data, setData, errors, post } = useForm({
        title: "",
        description: "",
    });
  
    function handleSubmit(e) {
        e.preventDefault();
        post(route("posts.store"));
    }
  
    return (
        <Authenticated
            auth={props.auth}
            errors={props.errors}
            header={<h2 className="font-semibold text-xl text-gray-800 leading-tight">Create Post</h2>} >
            <Head title="Posts" />
  
            <div className="py-12">
                <div className="max-w-7xl mx-auto sm:px-6 lg:px-8">
                    <div className="bg-white overflow-hidden shadow-sm sm:rounded-lg">
                        <div className="p-6 bg-white border-b border-gray-200">
  
                            <div className="flex items-center justify-between mb-6">
                                <Link
                                    className="px-6 py-2 text-white bg-blue-500 rounded-md focus:outline-none" href={ route("posts.index") } >
                                    Back
                                </Link>
                            </div>
  
                            <form name="createForm" onSubmit={handleSubmit}>
                                <div className="flex flex-col">
                                    <div className="mb-4">
                                        <label className="">Title</label>
                                        <input
                                            type="text"
                                            className="w-full px-4 py-2"
                                            label="Title"
                                            name="title"
                                            value={data.title}
                                            onChange={(e) =>
                                                setData("title", e.target.value)
                                            }
                                        />
                                        <span className="text-red-600">
                                            {errors.title}
                                        </span>
                                    </div>
                                    <div className="mb-0">
                                        <label className="">Body</label>
                                        <textarea
                                            type="text"
                                            className="w-full rounded"
                                            label="body"
                                            name="body"
                                            errors={errors.body}
                                            value={data.body}
                                            onChange={(e) =>
                                                setData("body", e.target.value)
                                            }
                                        />
                                        <span className="text-red-600">
                                            {errors.body}
                                        </span>
                                    </div>
                                </div>
                                <div className="mt-4">
                                    <button
                                        type="submit"
                                        className="px-6 py-2 font-bold text-white bg-green-500 rounded">
                                        Save
                                    </button>
                                </div>
                            </form>
  
                        </div>
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </Authenticated>
    );
}

Now, open resources/js/Pages/Posts/Edit.jsx file and add the following code into that file.

import React from 'react';
import Authenticated from '@/Layouts/Authenticated';
import { Head, useForm, usePage, Link } from '@inertiajs/inertia-react';
  
export default function Dashboard(props) {
  
    const { post } = usePage().props;
    const { data, setData, put, errors } = useForm({
        title: post.title || "",
        body: post.body || "",
    });
  
    function handleSubmit(e) {
        e.preventDefault();
        put(route("posts.update", post.id));
    }
  
    return (
        <Authenticated
            auth={props.auth}
            errors={props.errors}
            header={<h2 className="font-semibold text-xl text-gray-800 leading-tight">Edit Post</h2>} >
            <Head title="Posts" />
  
            <div className="py-12">
                <div className="max-w-7xl mx-auto sm:px-6 lg:px-8">
                    <div className="bg-white overflow-hidden shadow-sm sm:rounded-lg">
                        <div className="p-6 bg-white border-b border-gray-200">
  
                            <div className="flex items-center justify-between mb-6">
                                <Link
                                    className="px-6 py-2 text-white bg-blue-500 rounded-md focus:outline-none" href={ route("posts.index") } >
                                    Back
                                </Link>
                            </div>
  
                            <form name="createForm" onSubmit={handleSubmit}>
                                <div className="flex flex-col">
                                    <div className="mb-4">
                                        <label className="">Title</label>
                                        <input
                                            type="text"
                                            className="w-full px-4 py-2"
                                            label="Title"
                                            name="title"
                                            value={data.title}
                                            onChange={(e) =>
                                                setData("title", e.target.value)
                                            }
                                        />
                                        <span className="text-red-600">
                                            {errors.title}
                                        </span>
                                    </div>
                                    <div className="mb-0">
                                        <label className="">Body</label>
                                        <textarea
                                            type="text"
                                            className="w-full rounded"
                                            label="body"
                                            name="body"
                                            errors={errors.body}
                                            value={data.body}
                                            onChange={(e) =>
                                                setData("body", e.target.value)
                                            }
                                        />
                                        <span className="text-red-600">
                                            {errors.body}
                                        </span>
                                    </div>
                                </div>
                                <div className="mt-4">
                                    <button
                                        type="submit"
                                        className="px-6 py-2 font-bold text-white bg-green-500 rounded" >
                                        Update
                                    </button>
                                </div>
                            </form>
  
                        </div>
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </Authenticated>
    );
}

Now, open Authenticated.jsx file and add the following code to that file.

<NavLink href={route('posts.index')} active={route().current('posts.index')}>
Posts
</NavLink>

 

Step 7: Run Laravel Application

Now, we will run the laravel 9 react js crud application using the following command.

php artisan serve

npm run dev

npm run build

 


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