Node.js Express CRUD Example with MySQL

WebSolutionStuff | Aug-02-2021 | Categories : MySQL Node.js

Hello Guys,

In this tutorial we will see how to perform Node js Express CRUD example with mysql. Node js Express framework with MySQL Database in we will give you step by step CRUD operation example in node js.

So, let's start and see crud example in node.js or how to create a CRUD (Create Read Update Delete) application using Node.js and MySQL.

Step 1 : Create Node.js Application for node.js crud example

Step 2 : Install Prerequisite

Step 3 : Create Database, Table and Connection for node js crud example with mysql

Step 4 : Create CRUD Routes

Step 5 : Crete View Files for crud example in node.js

Step 6 : Run index.js

Node.js is an open source, cross-platform runtime environment for developing server-side and networking applications. You should have basic understanding of nodejs.

Express.js is one of the most trending web frameworks for node.js. It is built on top of node.js http module, and adds support for routing, middleware, view system etc.

MySQL is an open-source relational database management system which can operate on various platforms. It is ease of management.

 

Step 1 : Create Node.js Application for node.js crud example

In this step we will create node.js application using below commands.

mkdir node_js_crud_operation

cd node_js_crud_operation

npm init

 

Step 2 : Install Embedded JavaScript templates (ejs)

 In this step we will install ejs using below command :

npm install ejs

 

Step 3 : Install express.js in App

Now install Express js in using below command:

$ npm install express --save

 

Step 4 : Install Dependency

Next, we need to install some dependencies. copy below command and paste in your terminal

# flash message:
npm install express-flash --save

# session like PHP:
npm install express-session --save

# to send PUT and DELETE requests:
npm install method-override --save

# driver to connect Node.js with MySQL:
npm install mysql --save

 

Step 5 : Create Database and Table for node js crud example with mysql

Now create a database and create a users table. copy below table structure and run. 

CREATE TABLE `users` (
  `id` int(50) NOT NULL,
  `name` varchar(100) DEFAULT NULL,
  `email` varchar(100) DEFAULT NULL,
  `position` varchar(100) DEFAULT NULL
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8mb4;


ALTER TABLE `users`
  ADD PRIMARY KEY (`id`);

ALTER TABLE `users`
  MODIFY `id` int(50) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT;
COMMIT;

 

After creating table and database. we are connect database and application. In project directory, make a folder called 'lib'. In the lib folder, make a file named 'db.js'.

path : lib/db.js

var mysql = require('mysql');
var connection = mysql.createConnection({
	host:'localhost',
	user:'root',
	password:'',
	database:'node_js_crud'
});
connection.connect(function(error){
	if(!!error) {
		console.log(error);
	} else {
		console.log('Database Connected Successfully..!!');
	}
});

module.exports = connection;

 

 

Step 6 : Make Routes

In this step first create routes folder. In routes folder create users.js file and copy below code.

var express = require('express');
var router = express.Router();
var dbConn  = require('../lib/db');
 
// display user page
router.get('/', function(req, res, next) {      
    dbConn.query('SELECT * FROM users ORDER BY id desc',function(err,rows)     {
        if(err) {
            req.flash('error', err);
            // render to views/users/index.ejs
            res.render('users',{data:''});   
        } else {
            // render to views/users/index.ejs
            res.render('users',{data:rows});
        }
    });
});

// display add user page
router.get('/add', function(req, res, next) {    
    // render to add.ejs
    res.render('users/add', {
        name: '',
        email: '',
        position:''
    })
})

// add a new user
router.post('/add', function(req, res, next) {    

    let name = req.body.name;
    let email = req.body.email;
    let position = req.body.position;
    let errors = false;

    if(name.length === 0 || email.length === 0 || position === 0) {
        errors = true;

        // set flash message
        req.flash('error', "Please enter name and email and position");
        // render to add.ejs with flash message
        res.render('users/add', {
            name: name,
            email: email,
            position:position
        })
    }

    // if no error
    if(!errors) {

        var form_data = {
            name: name,
            email: email,
            position:position
        }
        
        // insert query
        dbConn.query('INSERT INTO users SET ?', form_data, function(err, result) {
            //if(err) throw err
            if (err) {
                req.flash('error', err)
                 
                // render to add.ejs
                res.render('users/add', {
                    name: form_data.name,
                    email: form_data.email,
                    position:form_data.position
                })
            } else {                
                req.flash('success', 'User successfully added');
                res.redirect('/users');
            }
        })
    }
})

// display edit user page
router.get('/edit/(:id)', function(req, res, next) {

    let id = req.params.id;
   
    dbConn.query('SELECT * FROM users WHERE id = ' + id, function(err, rows, fields) {
        if(err) throw err
         
        // if user not found
        if (rows.length <= 0) {
            req.flash('error', 'User not found with id = ' + id)
            res.redirect('/users')
        }
        // if user found
        else {
            // render to edit.ejs
            res.render('users/edit', {
                title: 'Edit User', 
                id: rows[0].id,
                name: rows[0].name,
                email: rows[0].email,
                position: rows[0].position
            })
        }
    })
})

// update user data
router.post('/update/:id', function(req, res, next) {

    let id = req.params.id;
    let name = req.body.name;
    let email = req.body.email;
    let position = req.body.position;
    let errors = false;

    if(name.length === 0 || email.length === 0 || position.length === 0) {
        errors = true;
        
        // set flash message
        req.flash('error', "Please enter name and email and position");
        // render to add.ejs with flash message
        res.render('users/edit', {
            id: req.params.id,
            name: name,
            email: email,
            position:position
        })
    }

    // if no error
    if( !errors ) {   
 
        var form_data = {
            name: name,
            email: email,
            position:position
        }
        // update query
        dbConn.query('UPDATE users SET ? WHERE id = ' + id, form_data, function(err, result) {
            //if(err) throw err
            if (err) {
                // set flash message
                req.flash('error', err)
                // render to edit.ejs
                res.render('users/edit', {
                    id: req.params.id,
                    name: form_data.name,
                    email: form_data.email,
                    position: form_data.position
                })
            } else {
                req.flash('success', 'User successfully updated');
                res.redirect('/users');
            }
        })
    }
})
   
// delete user
router.get('/delete/(:id)', function(req, res, next) {

    let id = req.params.id;
     
    dbConn.query('DELETE FROM users WHERE id = ' + id, function(err, result) {
        //if(err) throw err
        if (err) {
            // set flash message
            req.flash('error', err)
            // redirect to user page
            res.redirect('/users')
        } else {
            // set flash message
            req.flash('success', 'User successfully deleted! ID = ' + id)
            // redirect to user page
            res.redirect('/users')
        }
    })
})

module.exports = router;

 

Step 7 : Create View Files for crud xample in node.js

We need to create view files for add, edit and view. We've set EJS for templating. Go to the views folder & create a folder called users. Under the users folder, make files named index.ejs, add.ejs and edit.ejs.

Path : users/index.ejs

<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1, shrink-to-fit=no">
    <title>Users</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/css/bootstrap.min.css">
</head>
<body class="container" style="margin-top: 50px;">
    <% if (messages.success) { %>
    <div class="alert alert-success" role="alert"><%- messages.success %></div>
    <% } %>

    <% if (messages.error) { %>
    <div class="alert alert-danger" role="alert"><%- messages.error %></div>
    <% } %>

    <div class="card"> 
        <div class="card-header">
            <ul class="nav nav-pills w-100">
                <li class="nav-pill active">
                    <a class="nav-link">Users</a>
                </li>
                <li class="nav-pill ml-auto">
                    <a class="nav-link active" href="/users/add">Add User</a>
                </li>
            </ul>
        </div>
    <div class="card-body">        
        <% if(data.length) { %>
        <table class="table">
            <thead>
                <tr>
                    <th scope="col">#</th>
                    <th scope="col">Name</th>
                    <th scope="col">Email</th>
					<th scope="col">Position</th>
                    <th width="200px">Action</th>
                </tr>
            </thead>
            <tbody>
            <% for(var i = 0; i< data.length; i++) { %>
                <tr>
                    <th scope="row"><%= (i+1) %></th>
                    <td><%= data[i].name%></td>
                    <td><%= data[i].email%></td>
					<td><%= data[i].position%></td>
                    <td>
                        <a class="btn btn-success edit" href="../users/edit/<%=data[i].id%>">Edit</a>
                        <a class="btn btn-danger delete" onclick="return alert('Are you sure want to delete this record?')" href="../users/delete/<%=data[i].id%>">Delete</a> 
                    </td>
                </tr>
            <% } %>
            </tbody>
        </table>
        <% } %>
        
        <!-- if result is empty -->
        <% if(!data.length) { %>
            <p class="text-center">No users found!</p>
        <% } %>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>
</html>

 

 

Path : users/add.ejs

<html lang="en">
<head>
	<meta charset="utf-8">
	<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1, shrink-to-fit=no">
	<title>Add User</title>
	<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/css/bootstrap.min.css">
</head>
<body class="container" style="margin-top: 50px;">
	<% if (messages.error) { %>
	<div class="alert alert-danger" role="alert"><%- messages.error %></div>
	<% } %>
    <div class="card"> 
    	<div class="card-header">
			Add Users
		</div>
        <div class="card-body">
            <form action="/users/add" method="post">
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label>Name:</label>
                    <input type="text" class="form-control" name="name" value="<%= name %>" autocomplete="off">
                </div>
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label>Email:</label>
                    <input type="text" class="form-control" name="email" value="<%= email %>" autocomplete="off">
                </div>
				<div class="form-group">
                    <label>Position:</label>
                    <input type="text" class="form-control" name="position" value="<%= position %>" autocomplete="off">
                </div>
                <div class="form-group">
                    <input type="submit" class="btn btn-info" value="Add"/>
                </div>
            </form>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>
</html>

 

Path : users/edit.ejs

<html lang="en">
<head>
	<meta charset="utf-8">
	<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1, shrink-to-fit=no">
	<title>Edit User</title>
	<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/css/bootstrap.min.css">
</head>
<body class="container" style="margin-top: 50px;">
	<% if (messages.error) { %>
	<div class="alert alert-danger" role="alert"><%- messages.error %></div>
	<% } %>
    <div class="card"> 
    	<div class="card-header">
			Edit User
		</div>
        <div class="card-body">
            <form action="/users/update/<%= id %>" method="post">
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label>Name:</label>
                    <input type="text" class="form-control" name="name" value="<%= name %>" autocomplete="off">
                </div>
				<div class="form-group">
                    <label>Email:</label>
                    <input type="text" class="form-control" name="email" value="<%= email %>" autocomplete="off">
                </div>
				<div class="form-group">
                    <label>Position:</label>
                    <input type="text" class="form-control" name="position" value="<%= position %>" autocomplete="off">
                </div>
                <div class="form-group">
                    <input type="submit" class="btn btn-info" value="Update"/>
                </div>
            </form>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>
</html>

 

 

Step 8 : Create index.js File

In this step import all dependencies like express js, flash message, mysql drivers etc. 

var createError = require('http-errors');
var express = require('express');
var path = require('path');
var flash = require('express-flash');
var session = require('express-session');
var mysql = require('mysql');
var connection  = require('./lib/db');
var usersRouter = require('./routes/users');
var app = express();

// view engine setup
app.set('views', path.join(__dirname, 'views'));
app.set('view engine', 'ejs');
app.use(express.json());
app.use(express.urlencoded({ extended: false }));
app.use(express.static(path.join(__dirname, 'public')));

app.use(session({ 
    cookie: { maxAge: 60000 },
    store: new session.MemoryStore,
    saveUninitialized: true,
    resave: 'true',
    secret: 'secret'
}))

app.use(flash());
app.use('/users', usersRouter);

// catch 404 and forward to error handler
app.use(function(req, res, next) {
  next(createError(404));
});

app.listen(3000);

 

Step 9 : Run index.js file

Now run index.js using below code

node index.js

In your browser open below URL : 

http://localhost:3000/users

After run this command you will get output like below screenshot.

Nodejs Express CRUD Example with MySQL

Clone Application From GitHub : Node.js Express CRUD Example with MySQL

 


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