How to Set Auto Database BackUp using Cron Scheduler In Laravel

WebSolutionStuff | Feb-18-2021 | Categories : Laravel

In this post we will see how to set auto database backup using cron scheduler in laravel. here we will set auto database backUp using cron scheduler, as you all know datbase is very important part of any website and we need to take backup as per our requirment.

Using cron job scheduling in laravel we will set mysql backups in laravel, you can also set daily, weekly or monthly database backup using cron job, so, let's start.

Step 1 : Install Laravel

Step 2 : Create Command

Step 3 : Create Backup Folder

Step 4 : Schedule Command

 

Step 1 : Install Laravel

Install laravel application if required.

 

Step 2 : Create Command

Now, we will create command for auto database backUp using cron scheduler.

php artisan make:command Auto_Backup_Database

 

As of now DatabaseBackUp.php file createdf on console directory. So, edit that file with daily update code.

app/Console/Commands/Auto_Backup_Database.php

namespace App\Console\Commands;
  
use Illuminate\Console\Command;
use Carbon\Carbon;
   
class Auto_Backup_Database extends Command
{
    /**
     * The name and signature of the console command.
     *
     * @var string
     */
    protected $signature = 'database:backup';
  
    /**
     * The console command description.
     *
     * @var string
     */
    protected $description = 'Command description';
  
    /**
     * Create a new command instance.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function __construct()
    {
        parent::__construct();
    }
  
    /**
     * Execute the console command.
     *
     * @return int
     */
    public function handle()
    {
        $filename = "backup-" . Carbon::now()->format('Y-m-d') . ".gz";
  
        $command = "mysqldump --user=" . env('DB_USERNAME') ." --password=" . env('DB_PASSWORD') . " --host=" . env('DB_HOST') . " " . env('DB_DATABASE') . "  | gzip > " . storage_path() . "/app/backup/" . $filename;
  
        $returnVar = NULL;
        $output  = NULL;
  
        exec($command, $output, $returnVar);
    }
}

 

Step 3 : Create Backup Folder

Now, we need to create new folder in your storage folder to store our backup of database and make sure that you have to give permission to put backup file.

 

Step 4 : Schedule Command

In this step we will update kernel file in this path app/Console/Kernel.php.

namespace App\Console;
  
use Illuminate\Console\Scheduling\Schedule;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Console\Kernel as ConsoleKernel;
  
class Kernel extends ConsoleKernel
{
    /**
     * The Artisan commands provided by your application.
     *
     * @var array
     */
    protected $commands = [
        'App\Console\Commands\Auto_Backup_Database'
    ];
  
    /**
     * Define the application's command schedule.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Console\Scheduling\Schedule  $schedule
     * @return void
     */
    protected function schedule(Schedule $schedule)
    {
        $schedule->command('database:backup')->daily();
    }
  
    /**
     * Register the commands for the application.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    protected function commands()
    {
        $this->load(__DIR__.'/Commands');
  
        require base_path('routes/console.php');
    }
}

 

We can check database backup using below command.

php artisan database:backup

 

It will create one backup file in your backup folder. Now, we will setup cron in our live server. At last you can manage this command on scheduling task, we have to add a single entry to your server’s crontab file.

crontab -e

 

* * * * * php /path/to/artisan schedule:run 1>> /dev/null 2>&1
   
OR

* * * * * cd /path-to-your-project && php artisan schedule:run >> /dev/null 2>&1

Now, it will take auto backup of your database on daily basis.

 

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