How To Roll back Specific Migration In Laravel

Websolutionstuff | Nov-11-2022 | Categories : Laravel MySQL

In this article, we will explore the process of rolling back specific migrations in Laravel, focusing on Laravel versions 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10. We will delve into how to revert or revoke the last migration, and you'll also learn how to roll back all migrations using command-line tools.

Laravel's migration system serves as a version control mechanism for your database, enabling you to define and share your application's database schema with your team.

Let's examine how to perform specific migration rollbacks in Laravel 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10, understand the process for deleting the last migration file, and explore the options for rolling back all migrations in Laravel.


Using the rollback artisan command will roll back the latest migration. This command roll back the last "batch" of migrations. It includes multiple migrations files.

php artisan migrate:rollback


Using the --step artisan command will roll back the limited number of migration steps to roll back migrations.

php artisan migrate:rollback --step=3

The above command will roll back the last three migrations.


Using the reset artisan command will roll back all migrations.

php artisan migrate:reset


Using the --path artisan command will create or remove migrations for custom path locations. --path command required full path of file location.

php artisan migrate:rollback --path=/database/migrations/your-specific-migration-file-name.php
php artisan migrate:rollback --path=/database/migrations/2014_10_12_000000_create_users_table.php


Using the refresh artisan command will roll back all migrations and re-creates the entire database.

php artisan migrate:refresh

Also, you can roll back and re-migrate a limited number of migrations with the help of the step option with the refresh command.

php artisan migrate:refresh --step=3


Using the fresh artisan command will drop all database tables and then create new fresh migrations.

php artisan migrate:fresh


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