Laravel 9 Vue JS CRUD Operation Example

WebSolutionStuff | Dec-07-2022 | Categories : Laravel VueJs

In this article, we will see the laravel 9 vue js crud operation example. Here, we will learn how to create a vue 3 crud operation in laravel 9. You can learn to create, read, update and delete operations with a single page application (SPA) in the vue and vue router.

Vue.js is a progressive javascript framework for building user interfaces. Also, vue 3 is the most popular javascript framework. So, you can create crud operation without page refresh in laravel 9 using vue 3.

Vue comes pre-packaged with Laravel (Laravel Mix, an excellent build tool based on webpack ) and allows developers to start building complex single-page applications.

So, let's see vue js crud with laravel 9, crud operation in laravel 8/9 using vue js.

Step 1: Install Laravel 9

Step 2: Configure Database

Step 3: Install NPM

Step 4: Create Migration

Step 5: Create Controller and Model

Step 6: Add Routes

Step 7: Create Vue App

Step 8: Create Vue Component

Step 9: Define Route For Crud App in Vue Router

Step 10: Include Vue.js Dependencies to app.js

Step 11: Update webpack.mix.js

Step 12: Run Laravel Application

 

Step 1: Install Laravel 9

In this step, we will install the laravel 9 application using the following command.

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel laravel_9_vuejs_crud

 

 

Step 2: Configure Database

Now, we will set up the database configuration in the .env file.

DB_CONNECTION=mysql 
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1 
DB_PORT=3306 
DB_DATABASE=laravel_9_vue_js_crud
DB_USERNAME=root
DB_PASSWORD=root

 

Step 3: Install NPM

Run the following command and install the npm package.

npm install

After that, we will install vue, vue-router, and vue-axiosVue-axios will be used for calling Laravel backend API.

npm install vue vue-router vue-axios --save

 

Step 4: Create Migration

Now, we will create a migration, model, and controller using the following command. -mcr command creates migration, model, and controller in a single command.

php artisan make:model Category -mcr

Migration:

use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;

class CreateCategoriesTable extends Migration
{

    public function up()
    {
        Schema::create('categories', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->increments('id');
            $table->string('title');
            $table->text('description');
            $table->timestamps();
        });
    }


    public function down()
    {
        Schema::drop("categories");
    }
}

After that, migrate the table to the database using the following command.

php artisan migrate

 

Step 5: Create Controller and Model

In this step, we will update the Category.php model.

app/Models/Category.php

<?php

namespace App\Models;

use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;

class Category extends Model {

   use HasFactory;

   protected $fillable = ['title','description'];

}

?>

Now, we will update the CategoryController.php file.

app/Http/Controllers/CategoryController.php

<?php

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use App\Models\Category;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;

class CategoryController extends Controller
{
    /**
     * Display a listing of the resource.
     *
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function index()
    {
        $categories = Category::all(['id','title','description']);
        return response()->json($categories);
    }

    /**
     * Store a newly created resource in storage.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function store(Request $request)
    {
        $category = Category::create($request->post());
        return response()->json([
            'message'=>'Category Created Successfully!!',
            'category'=>$category
        ]);
    }

    /**
     * Display the specified resource.
     *
     * @param  \App\Models\Category  $category
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function show(Category $category)
    {
        return response()->json($category);
    }

    /**
     * Update the specified resource in storage.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \App\Models\Category  $category
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function update(Request $request, Category $category)
    {
        $category->fill($request->post())->save();
        return response()->json([
            'message'=>'Category Updated Successfully!!',
            'category'=>$category
        ]);
    }

    /**
     * Remove the specified resource from storage.
     *
     * @param  \App\Models\Category  $category
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function destroy(Category $category)
    {
        $category->delete();
        return response()->json([
            'message'=>'Category Deleted Successfully!!'
        ]);
    }
}

 

 

Step 6: Add Routes

Now, we will add routes in the web.php and api.php. So, add the below route in the routes files.

routes/web.php

<?php
 
Route::get('{any}', function () {
    return view('app');
})->where('any', '.*');

routes/api.php

<?php
 
Route::resource('category',App\Http\Controllers\CategoryController::class)->only(['index','store','show','update','destroy']);

 

Step 7: Create Vue App

In this step, we will create an app.blade.php file. So, add the following code to that file.

resource/views/app.blade.php

<!doctype html>
<html lang="{{ str_replace('_', '-', app()->getLocale()) }}">
    <head>
        <meta charset="utf-8">
        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
        <meta name="csrf-token" value="{{ csrf_token() }}"/>
        <title>Laravel 9 Vue JS CRUD Operations Example - Websolutionstuff</title>
        <link href="https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Nunito:200,600" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css">
        <link href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/[email protected]/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" crossorigin="anonymous">
        <link href="{{ mix('css/app.css') }}" type="text/css" rel="stylesheet"/>
    </head>
    <body>
        <div id="app">
        </div>
        <script src="{{ mix('js/app.js') }}" type="text/javascript"></script>
    </body>
</html>

 

Step 8: Create Vue Component

In this step, we will create a vue component in the components folder in the resource/js folder.

  • View app
  • Welcome.vue
  • Category / List.vue
  • Category / Add.vue
  • Category / Edit.vue

App.vue is the main file of our Vue app. We will define router-view in that file. All the routes will be shown in App.vue file.

Update Welcome.vue file

<template>
    <div class="container mt-5">
        <div class="col-12 text-center">
            <h1>Websolutionstuff</h1>
            <a href="https://websolutionstuff.com/" target="_blank">Visit For More Awesome Articles</a>
        </div>
    </div>
</template>

After that, open App.vue file and Update the following code into that file.

<template>
    <main>
        <nav class="navbar navbar-expand-lg navbar-dark bg-dark">
            <div class="container-fluid">
                <router-link to="/" class="navbar-brand" href="#">CRUD Operation In Laravel 8/9 Using Vue JS - Websolutionstuff</router-link>
                <div class="collapse navbar-collapse">
                    <div class="navbar-nav">
                        <router-link exact-active-class="active" to="/" class="nav-item nav-link">Home</router-link>
                        <router-link exact-active-class="active" to="/category" class="nav-item nav-link">Category</router-link>
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </nav>
        <div class="container mt-5">
            <router-view></router-view>
        </div>
    </main>
</template>
 
<script>
    export default {}
</script>

Update resource/js/components/category/List.vue

<template>
    <div class="row">
        <div class="col-12 mb-2 text-end">
            <router-link :to='{name:"categoryAdd"}' class="btn btn-primary">Create</router-link>
        </div>
        <div class="col-12">
            <div class="card">
                <div class="card-header">
                    <h4>Category</h4>
                </div>
                <div class="card-body">
                    <div class="table-responsive">
                        <table class="table table-bordered">
                            <thead>
                                <tr>
                                    <th>ID</th>
                                    <th>Title</th>
                                    <th>Description</th>
                                    <th>Actions</th>
                                </tr>
                            </thead>
                            <tbody v-if="categories.length > 0">
                                <tr v-for="(category,key) in categories" :key="key">
                                    <td>{{ category.id }}</td>
                                    <td>{{ category.title }}</td>
                                    <td>{{ category.description }}</td>
                                    <td>
                                        <router-link :to='{name:"categoryEdit",params:{id:category.id}}' class="btn btn-success">Edit</router-link>
                                        <button type="button" @click="deleteCategory(category.id)" class="btn btn-danger">Delete</button>
                                    </td>
                                </tr>
                            </tbody>
                            <tbody v-else>
                                <tr>
                                    <td colspan="4" align="center">No Categories Found.</td>
                                </tr>
                            </tbody>
                        </table>
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</template>

<script>
export default {
    name:"categories",
    data(){
        return {
            categories:[]
        }
    },
    mounted(){
        this.getCategories()
    },
    methods:{
        async getCategories(){
            await this.axios.get('/api/category').then(response=>{
                this.categories = response.data
            }).catch(error=>{
                console.log(error)
                this.categories = []
            })
        },
        deleteCategory(id){
            if(confirm("Are you sure to delete this category ?")){
                this.axios.delete(`/api/category/${id}`).then(response=>{
                    this.getCategories()
                }).catch(error=>{
                    console.log(error)
                })
            }
        }
    }
}
</script>

Next, open resource/js/components/category/Add.vue and update the following code into the file.

<template>
    <div class="row">
        <div class="col-12">
            <div class="card">
                <div class="card-header">
                    <h4>Add Category</h4>
                </div>
                <div class="card-body">
                    <form @submit.prevent="create">
                        <div class="row">
                            <div class="col-12 mb-2">
                                <div class="form-group">
                                    <label>Title</label>
                                    <input type="text" class="form-control" v-model="category.title">
                                </div>
                            </div>
                            <div class="col-12 mb-2">
                                <div class="form-group">
                                    <label>Description</label>
                                    <input type="text" class="form-control" v-model="category.description">
                                </div>
                            </div>
                            <div class="col-12">
                                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Save</button>
                            </div>
                        </div>                        
                    </form>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</template>

<script>
export default {
    name:"add-category",
    data(){
        return {
            category:{
                title:"",
                description:""
            }
        }
    },
    methods:{
        async create(){
            await this.axios.post('/api/category',this.category).then(response=>{
                this.$router.push({name:"categoryList"})
            }).catch(error=>{
                console.log(error)
            })
        }
    }
}
</script>

Now, open resource/js/components/category/Edit.vue and update the following code into the file.

<template>
    <div class="row">
        <div class="col-12">
            <div class="card">
                <div class="card-header">
                    <h4>Update Category</h4>
                </div>
                <div class="card-body">
                    <form @submit.prevent="update">
                        <div class="row">
                            <div class="col-12 mb-2">
                                <div class="form-group">
                                    <label>Title</label>
                                    <input type="text" class="form-control" v-model="category.title">
                                </div>
                            </div>
                            <div class="col-12 mb-2">
                                <div class="form-group">
                                    <label>Description</label>
                                    <input type="text" class="form-control" v-model="category.description">
                                </div>
                            </div>
                            <div class="col-12">
                                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Update</button>
                            </div>
                        </div>                        
                    </form>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</template>

<script>
export default {
    name:"update-category",
    data(){
        return {
            category:{
                title:"",
                description:"",
                _method:"patch"
            }
        }
    },
    mounted(){
        this.showCategory()
    },
    methods:{
        async showCategory(){
            await this.axios.get(`/api/category/${this.$route.params.id}`).then(response=>{
                const { title, description } = response.data
                this.category.title = title
                this.category.description = description
            }).catch(error=>{
                console.log(error)
            })
        },
        async update(){
            await this.axios.post(`/api/category/${this.$route.params.id}`,this.category).then(response=>{
                this.$router.push({name:"categoryList"})
            }).catch(error=>{
                console.log(error)
            })
        }
    }
}
</script>

 

 

Step 9: Define Route For Crud App in Vue Router

In this step, we will define routes in the routes.js file.

resource/js/routes.js

const Welcome = () => import('./components/Welcome.vue' /* webpackChunkName: "resource/js/components/welcome" */)
const CategoryList = () => import('./components/category/List.vue' /* webpackChunkName: "resource/js/components/category/list" */)
const CategoryCreate = () => import('./components/category/Add.vue' /* webpackChunkName: "resource/js/components/category/add" */)
const CategoryEdit = () => import('./components/category/Edit.vue' /* webpackChunkName: "resource/js/components/category/edit" */)

export const routes = [
    {
        name: 'home',
        path: '/',
        component: Welcome
    },
    {
        name: 'categoryList',
        path: '/category',
        component: CategoryList
    },
    {
        name: 'categoryEdit',
        path: '/category/:id/edit',
        component: CategoryEdit
    },
    {
        name: 'categoryAdd',
        path: '/category/add',
        component: CategoryCreate
    }
]

 

Step 10: Include Vue.js Dependencies to app.js

Now, we will add routes to the app.js file.

resource/js/app.js

require('./bootstrap');
import vue from 'vue'
window.Vue = vue;

import App from './components/App.vue';
import VueRouter from 'vue-router';
import VueAxios from 'vue-axios';
import axios from 'axios';
import {routes} from './routes';
 
Vue.use(VueRouter);
Vue.use(VueAxios, axios);
 
const router = new VueRouter({
    mode: 'history',
    routes: routes
});
 
const app = new Vue({
    el: '#app',
    router: router,
    render: h => h(App),
});

 

Step 11: Update webpack.mix.js

Now, we will update the webpack.mix.js file.

const mix = require('laravel-mix');

/*
 |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
 | Mix Asset Management
 |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
 |
 | Mix provides a clean, fluent API for defining some Webpack build steps
 | for your Laravel applications. By default, we are compiling the CSS
 | file for the application as well as bundling up all the JS files.
 |
 */

mix.js('resources/js/app.js', 'public/js')
    .postCss('resources/css/app.css', 'public/css', [
        //
    ]).vue();
 
 
Step 12: Run Laravel Application

In this step, we will run the laravel 9 vue 3 crud operation application using the following command.

npm run watch
php artisan serve

 


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